Crime in Ecuador’s Society (Analysis)

Posted on September 6, 2016 • Filed under: Crime, Ecuador, Ecuador Emergency, Ecuador Travel


Science magazine Security and Defence
Revista de Ciencias de Seguridad y Defensa (2016)
Jorge Miño
University of the Armed Forces – ESPE

*machine translated from Spanish to English

The following article is an analysis of the evolution of Ecuadorian crime,
Considering how the community unfolded a few decades ago and accelerated change
to the present. In this regard, a study of the causes of crime is done, many of the
which they are logical and perceive, but others they can not be conceived as they are
and are the result of the global economic crisis affecting world society and which can be
settled in each country. It has been found that in our country a few years ago they met facts
criminal that shook society at that time and have been taken as the
starting point in the escalation of violence that has led us to be considered news
worldwide for cold – blooded murder, argued by the complicity of alcohol and
drug; which, according to criminals, disrupts their behavior.
Crime is located in the two main cities of the country as they are
Quito and Guayaquil, where they have been able to discover true criminal networks operating
in different ways and are a threat to society.
Keywords: Crime, society, murder, tranquility, violence
This article drives our mentea ancient times where establishedpublic life in harmony sedesarrollaba
and peaceful coexistence, both in large towns and cities and small towns.
Semostraban stores and warehouses open to serve the public with cordiality. But suddenly
this mirage disappeared. However, it is now the subject of homesickness and conversations of parents and children who make them know what life was like in those times, as there are now drug stores
grocery, liquor stores and small stores that are listed with iron bars on the doors of
entry to their premises, feigning self – constructed cells in the large prison population. As well
housing, whether houses or apartments appear with iron bars on doors and windows,
what we can conclude that we have voluntarily cloistered in the XXI century.
For us, this way of life is normal, but not for tourists first world
they visit us. For them it is of filming and photographs that reveal their return journey in the
a foreign country, whose citizens have been imprisoned because of the rise of a latent threat
generally called crime. “As a paradox, now we belong
a free society we live behind bars, while criminals live free ”
For some time here, our country ceased to be that place of peace and quiet, different
the regional context by the absence of violence and criminal aggression. The tentacles of the
crime have penetrated even the most remote places of our geography. The
pretexts for criminal increase are multiple dimensions that do not justify its
actuate. The criminal issue is on the front pages of newspapers as a topic
daily, with once details are not publishable. Could it be that our society has learned to live with
crime or that crime is part of life itself?


Science magazine Security and Defence (2016)
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Science magazine Security and Defence
Jorge Miño
Currently criminals, when they can not meet its goal, may incur
the crime of murder in cold blood, because to get the loot itself, which many
Sometimes it can be a cell phone or a tiny amount of money. We wonder if does
crime has had foreign influence? Or maybe crime does Ecuador has adopted
Unscrupulous own model?
Crime in Ecuador is no longer that of years ago, there is now improving and
reason is foreign influence, especially that of Colombian origin, since its entry
Free to Ecuadorian territory (La Hora Nacional, 2006).
Connoisseurs on security issues demonstrate that crime was imported with
the presence of foreign criminals who entered the country at some point, influencing and
instructing our criminals that still maintain traditional methods, without further
violence. (Biblioteca Univ. El Salvador Repository). But there are other currents considered
that crime was growing as unemployment increased, while enlarged
the gap of inequity. Also, the youth and children had left the classroom
school to meet the needs of their family, due to unemployment, underemployment and
other causes. All topics described, surely to be developed it would take time
to write two separate trials thorough investigation. (ESPOL-4 APR 2011)
A study by the Technical University of Loja, UTPL, in a
research on how crime affects society; results causes by
which a person becomes a criminal, the same as detailed below:

The loss of ethical and moral values

Mismanagement of governments

The lack of enforcement of laws

Corruption in the judiciary and all social strata

The economic crisis

Mass unemployment

The peasant migration

Inflation in recent years

The lack of food, housing, health, education and other
It is alarming how the issue of assassins has been permeating society, to the point
you can already find market through the Internet. Readers can enter through
of any search engine, there may check the supply and demand for these services, which is why
concern has been considered aggressive information and criminal presence of
called sicarios, characters who offer their services to society, boldly and brazenly without
Gradually crime has been refined and invented wrongdoers go
the diverse tactics such as the use of costumes for the victim not
became aware of the crime, the use of stolen vehicles or motorcycles to facilitate their escape
after the crime. They use latex gloves to avoid leaving fingerprints, and now even
balaclava used, since after the crime travel to their places of origin normally
are populations in neighboring countries or cities north or south.
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Science magazine Security and Defence
Crime in Ecuadorian society
In cases where criminals have been captured after having committed his
pranks and once they have been interrogated by the police, with the greatest cynicism and blood
cold have told all the details or ways have been hired and paid to have
received, which is not even worthy of publication.
I believe that the starting point of increased criminal activity in Ecuador
I gave was from 21 November 1991, with the case of Juan Fernando Suarez Hermosa (born
1976), nicknamed “The child of terror” who killed 22 people in Ecuador. These
Maximum violence facts were narrated by young himself, with amazing detail and
coldness. His victims were taxi drivers and homosexuals. (El Diario Manabita, 2013)
According to the authorities, Hermosa was the ringleader of a criminal group called
“The band of terror”, dedicated to the assault and vehicle theft and integrated mostly by
minors. The band only stole cars, but there was no obstacle whatsoever that
prevents achieve its purpose. This explains the large number of murders. (YouTube, 2011)
You could argue it is that crime crosses borders and this evil is not like
our country but the continent and the world, which merged with drug trafficking, constitute
an ideal breeding ground for the proliferation of crime crop. (Repository ESPOL, 2011)
For logical reasons consider it necessary to focus my analysis in the field of education, by
I come to this statistics that give us the following results of the criminal boom, clarifying
that the issues presented are just an informative sample of the hundreds of crimes committed
every day in Ecuador. Thus we have six violations committed daily.
In the first half of 2013, there were 14,596 reported crimes, 480 of whom had
participation youth who committed assaults or robberies private cars or taxis.
10 women, 8 are victims of some form of violence.
51% of all complaints against women are physically abused and 47% by abuse
Guayaquil’s biggest problem is related to youth gangs, because it is calculated
there about 200, integrated by about 70,000 children and young people between 12 and 25
years (Clery, 2011).
Being a topical issue, murder two young Argentine women in
Montañita, a town of the Ecuadorian coast, this information has circulated around the world
whole, so may I make mention of it to close the topic of the article and that
readers can draw their own conclusions, among others, that we are all likely to be prey
crime in all its forms.
The death of young Argentine Navy Menegazzo (21 years) and Maria Jose Coni (22),
It has generated debate on gender equality and violence against women. with letters
and messages broadcast on social networks, various individuals and feminist groups have taken
the case as a battle flag. “Yesterday killed me”, “We are all traveling pibas” and “What
you will be away from home “are three messages that have spread in social networks
last days. (El Universo, 2016)
One of the alleged murderers of the two young Argentine presented conflicting accounts
of the facts. Following the hearing held in Manglaralto province of Santa Elena, the prosecutor
He reported that the crime of murder indicted the accused, identified as P. and Second
Eduardo A., against whom preventive detention was issued.
Interior Minister Serrano told reporters that the two girls left the hostel
where they were staying in Montanita on February 22 at two in the afternoon. That same evening,
suspects have met the girls at a bar called “The Abogadita”. They have
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Science magazine Security and Defence
Jorge Miño
said they had no money and went back to Guayaquil hitching, so they
They offered to stay to sleep in the house of one of them. There the left and the two men
they would have gone until about two o’clock, when they returned. The girls also
they would have left the house, but at the back they would have found two drunken men. (He
Universe, 2016)
Depending on the version, the authorities attributed to P. Second, he was alone with Coni and
he tried to rape her, but she tried to escape, so he struck her in the head with a
stick, killing him. Then, after hearing a cry in the other room, would Segundo P.
gone where discover that Eduardo D. had stabbed Menegazzo. According to the same
version, Second P. cleaned the place, kept the bodies in a bag and took them with a wheelbarrow
about 400 meters from his house, where he tried to hide one of the bodies, leaving abandoned
the other. (Teleamazonas, 2016)
As a responsible society, we can not help but think, analyze and reflect on this
issue that is daily news of the national press. I think there is – among others – a way of
solution to the problem, and education, but to achieve this, you need to settle a
series of social problems, starting with early childhood education and strengthening values
youth; thus receive future results we all expect.
But the most ideal way to combat this evil that afflicts us is with education
permanent to reach the remotest corners of our country. It is shown to
worldwide that humans with an effective education from an early age, form
citizens fighting for the good life in every way, because applaud the effort of young
educators who sacrifice in the remotest places, providing knowledge and wisdom
a worthy compatriots struggling to be better, to be away from crime.
We are all responsible for the lack of education of our children and youth, so the
national campaign for education should be strengthened at all levels of society,
that well we might call “More education , less crime”.
Arteaga, M. (2000) Beginnings of thought sociologist in Ecuador. Edit. House of Culture
Ecuadorian. Guayas core.
Cabanellas, G. elemental Legal Dictionary. Edit. Heliasts ISBN 950-9065-98-6
Clery, A. (2011). Social problems in Ecuador. Edit. University Vicente Rocafuerte.
Dalmau F. (1983) The young offender in Guayaquil. Edit. Graphic Union. Guayaquil.
Estarellas C. (2010) Crime in Ecuador. Edit. From my foxhole. Guayaquil.
Merino D. (2012) Crime and Sicariato in Ecuador. Edit. ESPOL. Guayaquil.
Narvaez N (2008) Crime in Ecuador. Edit. Word Blog Quito.
Moreno B (2010) social causes of crime and impunity. Edit. Judicial review. Quito
Doña T. (2009) Crime in Ecuador. Edit. ESPOL. Guayaquil.
Dalmau F. (2011) Actions to improve crime. Edit. ESPOL. Guayaquil READ FULL ARTICLE IN SPANISH

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