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Expat from Ireland fought for Ecuador’s Independence, mysterious death

irlandeses.org/Edmundo Murray/  Wright, Thomas Charles James (1799-1868), officer in Simón Bolívar’s army and founder of the Ecuadorian naval school, was born on 26 January 1799 in Queensborough, Drogheda, County Louth, the son of Thomas Wright and Mary Montgomery. In 1810 Thomas was sent to the naval college at Portsmouth, and two years later joined the H.M.S. Newcastle under the command of George Stewart. He sailed in that vessel to serve with the squadron under Borlase Warren, engaged in blockading the Atlantic coast of the United States. He was promoted and went home on leave in 1817. Dating from that time Thomas Wright seems to have been under the influence of the same radical and republican ideas that had inspired the French Revolution.

In November 1817 Wright enlisted as officer in the British Legion of Bolívar. He sailed on the brigantine Dowson with 200 other volunteers and valuable ammunition, and after a series of delays, dangers, and adventures landed on Margarita Island off the Venezuelan coast on 3 April 1818. Nine years later, Wright and another Irishman, Harris, were the only survivors of the thirty-two officers who had left on the Dowson.

At Angostura (present-day Ciudad Bolívar), Wright first met Simón Bolívar, for whom he quickly developed boundless admiration. His first action was at Trapiche de Gamarra on 27 March 1819. His victory there inspired Bolívar to undertake his audacious New Granada campaign and the march across the Andes.

Wright played important roles in the battles of Pantano de Vargas and Gamesa in July 1819, and in the decisive victory at Boyacá in August of the same year, after which he was promoted to captain. In 1820 he was sent back with his Rifles regiment to the coastal plain to operate in the jungle east of the Magdalena against the Spanish forces based on Santa Marta. The battle at Ciénaga de Santa Marta on 10 November 1820 resulted in the fall of this town. Conveyed by sea to Maracaibo, the Rifles participated on 21 June 1821 in Bolívar’s decisive victory at Carabobo. Cartagena was taken and the Rifles were brought in boats up the Magdalena en route to Popayán. They formed part of the contingent led by Bolívar in the second of his legendary Andean campaigns. After winning the battle at Bomboná on 7 April 1822, Wright was twice mentioned in Bolívar’s order of the day for his exceptional skill and courage. From February 1822 Wright was acting lieutenant-colonel, a rank which was confirmed early in 1823, when he was serving under Sucre, who joined forces with Bolívar at Quito, Ecuador.

Wright was sent to Guayaquil in order to improvise a naval force and patrol northwards between that Ecuadorian city and Panamá. In September 1824, after Bolívar’s great victory at Junín and Sucre’s at Ayacucho, the Spanish made their last bid to turn the tide and sent a fleet to break the republican blockade in the Peruvian stronghold of Callao. Wright had had a busy year assuring supplies by sea for Bolívar’s and Sucre’s armies. He had greatly impressed Bolívar, who had appointed him commodore of the Pacific squadron that joined the patriot naval force off Callao. Trying to force their way out, the royalist ships became closely engaged with the blockaders. The brigantine Chimborazo sustained three water-line hits and was in collision with the ship of the line Asia, but by virtue of his consummate skill Wright manoeuvred himself free and avoided being driven ashore. In January 1826 Callao capitulated and Spanish rule in South America was ended. Meanwhile Wright on the Chimborazo had ferried Bolívar from port to port all along the liberated Pacific coast as far as the Chilean border.

Thomas Wright settled in Guayaquil in 1826, and founded the nautical school that is still functioning there. In 1828 the Peruvian government sent the corvette Libertad to blockade Guayaquil. Wright had studied intimately the unique swells and currents of the Gulf of Guayaquil and he used his knowledge to drive off the Libertad. Wright’s Guayaquileña suffered sixty casualties out of the ninety-six men onboard.

Thinking of being an expat in Ecuador? Read this book first

Wright took part at sea and land in the fighting that ended with the delimitation of the Ecuador-Peru boundary, and he was specially commended by Sucre after the victory at Portada de Tarqui. Ecuador achieved independence on 8 August 1830, and Wright became one of the new republic’s leading citizens. He married María de los Angeles Victoria Rico, the niece of Vicente Rocafuerte, president of Ecuador in 1835-1839 and 1843-1845. Wright converted to Roman Catholicism before the wedding. After María’s death, Wright took her sister Pepita as his second wife. He was then commander of the Ecuadorian navy and governor of Guayaquil. His courage during a yellow fever epidemic in 1840 was remarkable.

A military plot in 1845 overthrew the liberal regime supported by Wright and he went into exile in Chile for fifteen years. In Chile he met and exerted a great influence upon the Ecuadorian exile Eloy Alfaro, who would be president in 1897-1913. Wright returned to Ecuador in 1860 and was involved in various liberal conspiracies against the despot Moreno. With his house still surrounded by police, Thomas Wright died on 10 December 1868. Read Article

Mystery surrounds his death -

How he died has different versions.

One is that due to his exposing the dictator, his house was placed under siege by the government and the Bishop of Guayaquil had to push past them to administer the last Rights on December 10, 1868, 150 years ago next year.

Others say he died of exhaustion after a session of wild boar hunting and drinking too much ice-cold beer.

In 1972 the republic of Ecuador issued a postage stamp in his honour to commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the State, and “La Batalla Pinchincha”.

How he died has different versions.

One is that due to his exposing the dictator, his house was placed under siege by the government and the Bishop of Guayaquil had to push past them to administer the last Rights on December 10, 1868, 150 years ago next year.

Others say he died of exhaustion after a session of wild boar hunting and drinking too much ice-cold beer.

In 1972 the republic of Ecuador issued a postage stamp in his honour to commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the State, and “La Batalla Pinchincha”. Read Article

 

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La Ronda in Quito Ecuador, one street not to be missed

On my first visit to Quito in 1980, a friend told me about an ancient street in the historic section of the city that once was inhabited by Incans and through time evolved into serving many purposes including a hideaway for artists and poets. It also eventually would become rundown with the tawdry side of […]

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Ecuador: The harpy eagle is a strong symbol of the indigenous waoranis

Intercultural / lahora.com.ec (machine translated) The eagle harpy, bird symbol of the waoranis The ‘Kenguiwe’ is still revered and admired. This great flight was always venerated by its cunning, its strength, its beauty and intelligence. The stories made by Manuela Omari Ima Omene in ‘Saberes Waorani and Yasuní National Park: Plants, Health and Welfare in […]

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Olimpo Cárdenas, Bolero Singer from Ecuador

Without doubt the most famous singer and performer from Ecuador and known worldwide is Julio Jaramillo. However, there are some who argue that Olimpo Cárdenas may have been the better singer despite not reaching international stardom. Olimpo Cárdenas (1919, Vinces – 1991) was an Ecuadorean singer. He toured Colombia a great deal, giving concerts in […]

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Ecuador will not disappear because of earthquakes but by bad governments (prophecy)

Ecuador no desaparecerá por los terremotos sino por los malos gobiernos. Ecuador will not disappear because of earthquakes but, by bad governments A phrase and or prophecy that runs deep in the culture of Ecuador and is often credited to Santa Mariana de Jesús. Saint Mariana of Jesus de Paredes, O.F.S. (Spanish: Mariana or María […]

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Cuenca Ecuador: Outsiders look at violence in the 18th Century of this charming city

eltelegrafo.com.ec/(machine translated) Cuenca’s fame would transcend the Old Continent Ángeles Martínez, Open Chair of History. U. Cuenca Is Cuenca historically violent? It is clear that there are regrettable events that have given international fame to the city and that have had significance. It is interesting to reflect on an unflattering external look about our beautiful […]

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Ecuador: The infamous train from Guayaquil to Salinas now only a memory

eluniverso.com/(machine translated) Back in 1940, on the streets of Lizardo García y Vélez, near the Vicente Rocafuerte school, the first railroad station operated, the tracks of which linked Guayaquil with Salinas and the whistles like that of locomotive No. 8, woke residents of that neighborhood. When the wooden bridge on the Salado estuary deteriorated, which […]

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Castles in Quito Ecuador at risk of vanishing

miamiherald.com/ Jim Wyss reported for more than 80 years, this Andean capital has been guarded by a strange array of kitschy castles — brimming with turrets and towers, spires and faux drawbridges, Moorish cupolas and sweeping staircases. In a city internationally renowned for its colonial architecture (its historic center has been a United Nations World […]

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So you thought there is no malaria in the highlands of Ecuador, could it come back?

Malaria in Highlands of Ecuador since 1900 – Published April 2012 Historical Review Lauren L. PinaultComments to Author and Fiona F. Hunter Author affiliations: Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada cdc.gov Abstract A recent epidemic of malaria in the highlands of Bolivia and establishment of multiple Anopheles species mosquitoes in the highlands of Ecuador highlights […]

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Ten Foods You Should Try In Ecuador

These are our 10 favorite famous foods of Ecuador not to miss. NOMADIC BOYS.COM 1. LLAPINGACHOS: fried stuffed potato patties Llapingachos are one of Ecuador’s most famous dishes. They are fried potato omelettes stuffed with cheese, cooked on a hot griddle until crispy and commonly served with a fried egg, avocado, meat and peanut sauce. […]

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Ecuador: Waorani people use chambira for artesan products

lahora.com.ec reported the chambira palm is a tree native to the Amazon in Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. It has many uses. The fruit serves as food. The fiber from the leaflets is used to make a number of items such as fishing nets, hammocks, bracelets, shigra bags, and earrings. The use of the leaves has […]

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Ecuador: Día de Reyes January 6, 2017 celebrated with roscas

BAKERIES BUSY PREPARING FOR THREE KINGS DAY IN GUAYAQUIL eluniverso.com reported the celebration of Three Kings Day (Día de Reyes) takes place on January 6. Tradition states the Magi visited and brought gifts to the Baby Jesus in Bethlehem. Roscas are very popular for this celebration and is called Roscas de Reyes. The round or […]

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Ecuador’s April’s Fool Day equivalent is not on April 1st

lahora.com.ec reported every December 28 there is no lack of practical jokes or hoaxes’ between friends, so stay very attentive and do not fall for them. The 28 of December is a day marked by the Christmas dates and to be near the end of year. He always identifies it with jokes and being a […]

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Calderón, Ecuador: Guaguas de pan and Colada Morada, deep cultural roots

npr.org reported In Ecuador today, All Saints Day (Día de Todos los Santos) is celebrated on Nov. 1, and is a smaller holiday focusing on children who have passed away. All Hallows Eve, on Oct. 31, is not observed religiously, although American-style Halloween celebrations have started to gain in popularity in recent years. Día de […]

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A piece of Ecuador Culture exported to Harlem New York, ECUAVOLEY

wsj.com/Paolo Uggetti reported Ecuador didn’t send a volleyball team to the Summer Olympics in Rio this year. Nor did it send a beach volleyball team. As a country, Ecuador ranks 117th and 137th, respectively, in the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball rankings of the sport. It isn’t really a volleyball playing nation. But this is ecuavoley, […]

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Little known involvement of the U.S. in Ecuador after border war with Peru

undallas.edu reported the documents she discovered, technical mission reports from the U.S. Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (OCIAA), shed light on the United States’ involvement in the rebuilding of El Oro, Ecuador, after a 1941 border war with Peru destroyed the province’s infrastructure…. Rankin, associate professor in the School of Arts and Humanities, […]

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Ecuador Trivia: Country’s Worst Aviation Accident just outside Cuenca

wikipedia.org / The 1983 TAME Boeing 737-200 crash was an aviation incident in which a Boeing 737-2V2 Advanced, operated by the Ecuadorian national airline TAME, which was flying on a domestic route from Mariscal Sucre International Airport in Quito to Mariscal Lamar Airport in Cuenca, crashed into a hill during final approach just one mile […]

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Ecuador: racial injustices wrought by neoliberal urban policies

Revanchist Urbanism Heads South: The Regulation of Indigenous Beggars and Street Vendors in Ecuador Kate Swanson Department of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK; kate.swanson@ges.gla.ac.uk ——- Abstract: Much of the discussion surrounding neoliberal urbanism has been empirically grounded in the North. This paper shifts the discussion south to focus on the regulation […]

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Communist Propaganda In Ecuador in 1942, letter from J. Edgar Hoover

Communistic propaganda in Ecuador (May 18, 1942, pdf, 1MB) Forwards sample of Fourth International propaganda allegedly circulated in Ecuador by either by German or Spanish Legation. Source: Letter from J. Edgar Hoover to Adolf A. Berle, Jr., “Communistic propaganda in Ecuador,” Washington, D.C., May 18, 1942, Despatch no. CC-285, Record Group 59, 822.00B/61, NARA. Read, […]

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Fanesca in Ecuador, a soup like no other

Calvin Trillin/newyorker.com(2005) reported, When I decided last winter to regroup my forces, it occurred to me that Ecuador might be a good place to study Spanish this go-around. I had in mind Cuenca, around Holy Week. From what I’d gathered during a previous trip to Ecuador, Holy Week is the only time of year you […]

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Punctuality in Ecuador

Newyorker.com (2004) YJames Surowiecki..At high noon last October 1st, the citizens of Ecuador did something they’d never dreamed possible: they synchronized their watches. In doing so, they embarked on a Campaña Contra la Impuntualidad, a national crusade against lateness. A group called Participacíon Ciudadana had orchestrated the initiative in order to combat Ecuadorans’ notoriously cavalier […]

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Trivia: Ecuador location for first attempted hand transplant in the world in 1964

pubs.royle.com reported hand surgeons are often called upon to reattach severed parts. Fingers, thumbs, hands, and forearms have all been successfully replanted since the initial reports of arm replantation by Malt and McKhann in 1962 2,3 and thumb replantation by Kamatsu and Tamai in 1968.4 Hand transplantation was a natural extension of this technical procedure […]

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In search of colonial El Niño events and a brief history of meteorology in Ecuador

Advances in Geosciences, 6, 181– 187 , 2006 SRef-ID: 1680-7359/adgeo/2006-6-181 European Geosciences Union © 2006 Author(s). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Advances in Geosciences In search of colonial El Niño events and a brief history of meteorology in Ecuador A. Terneus and A. Gioda Abstract This study shows a brief overview […]

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Ecuador: Little Known Bontanist who identified a thousand species

SKETCH OF GUSTAV WALLIS. GUSTAV WALLIS, the indefatigable traveler and botanist, whose death at Cuenca, Ecuador, we recently announced, was born May 1, 1830, at Lüneburg, Prussia, where his father was an advocate and proctor of the superior court. He died at the early age of forty-eight years, of which the last eighteen were spent […]

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Tree in Ecuador walks 20 meters a year

A species of palm tree in a section of Ecuador, can travel about 20 meters a year! This palm tree species, Socratea exorrhiza, can grow new roots to ‘sidestep’ and walk about 20 meters a year, according to Karl Gruber from the BBC. Read Article GOING TO LIVE IN ECUADOR READ THIS BOOK

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Ecuador Statistics: More Women in Ecuador than Men

Quito, March 8 (Andes) .- There are more women than men in Ecuador, according to data published by the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC) by the International Women’s Day celebrated on March 8 every year. Until 2016, women 8’343.760 representing a 50.48% were recorded, while there 8’184.970 men, accounting for 49.52% of the […]

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Cenepa War, conflict between Ecuador/Peru 1995

Wikipedia – The Cenepa War (January 26 – February 28, 1995), also known as the Alto Cenepa War, was a brief and localized military conflict between Ecuador and Peru, fought over control of an area in Peruvian territory (i.e. in the eastern side of the Cordillera del Cóndor, Province of Condorcanqui, Región Amazonas, Republic of […]

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Ecuador: 14 ancestral languages spoken

eltiempo.com.ec reported in Ecuador fourteen native or ancestral languages ​​are spoken. In the coastal region, the Awa nationality Awapit; Chachi, Cha palaa; Epera, Siapede; Tsáchila, Tsa’fiquí. In the Amazon, the Cofan nationality, ingae; Secoya and Siona, the Paicoca; Huaorani, Huao Tedeo; Shiwiar, Shiwiar Chicham; Zápara, Zapara; Achuar, Achuar Chicham; Andoa, Andoa; Kichwa, Kichwa; Shuar Shuar […]

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Guayaquil Ecuador: Lagarteros, a tradition that refuses to die

Guayaquil Ecuador has a rich cultural heritage. During the ages some of the traditions have disappeared. However, one still exists that any visitor will find quaint but is not on the tourist route. In Ecuador serenades for you lover have existed for centuries. And Guayaquil has a long tradition of Lagarteros who perform serenades for […]

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Life in Ecuador, 1940′s (video)

This is a video of a broad spectrum of life in Ecuador during the 1940′s. GAIN A DEEPER UNDERSTANDING OF ECUADOR’S CULTURE – READ THIS BOOK‘

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How the Eskimo Pie Saved Ecuador’s Economy

howtogeek.com reported in the 1920s, two things that appear entirely unrelated on the surface intersected in a rather curious way. The economy of Ecuador was seriously depressed and in need of a massive infusion of capital. At the same time in America, the Eskimo Pie was invented; an ice cream treat covered in chocolate. The […]

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How Many Cuy (Guinea Pigs) are there in Ecuador?

How Many Cuy (Guinea Pigs) are there in Ecuador? agronegociosecuador.ning.com reported The guinea pig production in Ecuador is generally a rural activity located in the Ecuadorian highlands, where the traditional farming system predominates – familiar to produce meat for consumption, with low production levels. The estimated population is 15 million head of guinea pig, the […]

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Headless Gringa of the Galapagos Islands

latinamericanhistory.about.com / The bright and sunny Galapagos Islands, far out in the Pacific Ocean, seem like a strange place for a ghost! But according to the locals, the former American Air Force base is home to a wandering spirit who targets lonely men late at night. “The Headless Gringa” crushes her victims in their sleep […]

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Airline History Ecuador

Aviation history in Ecuador began in the 1920′s when the owner of El Telegrafo newspaper began flights in Guayaquil. Ecuador’s first commercial flight service was conducted by an association of the German Colombian Air Transport (SCADTA – Sociedad Colombo-Alemana de Transportes Aereos) in 1928. This group was later named Sociedad Ecuatoriana-Alemana de Transportes Aereos (SEADTA) […]

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Ecuador Trivia: The Day a UFO landed in Cotocollao Ecuador, six dead

MSN.com reported that when the green men from Mars landed in the central plaza of Cotocollao, Ecuador, a stunned nation listened as one of the country’s most famous radio personalities was vaporized by a death-ray, and firefighters and police rushed to the sleepy village to confront the invaders. “Once more a radio dramatization of H.G. […]

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Ecuador: Christmas holidays celebrated with turkey

worldpoultry.net reported turkey consumption in Ecuador is a seasonal thing, mainly Christmas. And the season has started with the increase in turkey production and a decrease in imports. According to the National Poultry Farmers Corporation (CONAVE), in 2012 the national turkey production reached 9,492 metric tonnes (mt), or 86% more than the 2006 level of […]

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Ecuador Trivia: The Lone Ranger and Tonto

Ecuador Trivia: The Lone Ranger and Tonto – Hey it is not Tonto you fool. The Lone Ranger and his sidekick “Tonto” was a very popular television show in the 1950′s and 60′s in Ecuador. However, the truth is that the Lone Ranger’s sidekicks name in the television show was dubbed in as “Toro” (bull). […]

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Ecuador Trivia: Number of vehicles per 1000 inhabitants

According to the World Bank, in the early 2000′s there were 65 vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants in Ecuador. In 2011, the number has increased to 90 per 1,000. Did you know despite Ecuador being an oil producer, it has to import diesel fuel. 100 Points to Consider Before Moving or Retiring in Ecuador

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Social Issue Ecuador: vendors on public buses, opinion

Eluniverso.com It is a martyrdom which we must suffer urban transport users in Guayaquil. In recent years it has increased the sales mode buses; vendors give their speeches repetitive, tiring and transport become market bargains. How intimidating and doing sneaky sales scandal and fear cause passengers. Vendors deliver candy, cookies and other goodies in the […]

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Best Cheese in Ecuador from Cayambe

CAYAMBE. Cheese has been since ancient times one of the foods present in the tables. Cayambe has a long tradition in developing this product, as set forth in the Third National Cheese Fair On-Site Technical Institute Nelson Torres. EXHIBITORS. Among the speakers are small and medium producers of dairy products, as Edwin Monteros, who with […]

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Ecuador Facebook statistics

Currently, there are 4781300 Facebook users in the Ecuador, which makes it #35 in the ranking of all Facebook statistics by Country. Total Facebook Users: 4781300 Position in the list: 35. Penetration of population: 32.33% Penetration of online population 202.62% Read Article

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Ecuador, Malaba Indigenous Group

Ecuador Trivia: The Malaba were probably descendants of the Sierra and may have been from the Puruha tribe. They were present in the Esmeraldas Province in the 17th century. Fleeing the Spanish to the Rio Mataje River Valley. There is no information as to there existence. Is this a group that just disappeared? SPANISH SLANG […]

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