Ecuadorians rank sixth among sixty nations in lack of trust in dealing with others

Posted on January 11, 2016 • Filed under: Culture, Ecuador, Social Issues

Infobae – Albavisión News Network By: Dario Mizrahi
World Values ​​Survey 2010-2014
ElComercio.com reported Ecuador ranks sixth of the countries less confident in the other 60 who participated in the global research project World Values ​​Survey (World Values ​​Survey 2010-2014) In the first index lower interpersonal trust are the Philippines and Trinidad and Tobago, with just 3.2%, followed by Colombia, with 4.1%, Ghana, 5% and Brazil (7.1%). After Ecuador and between 10 Cyprus (7.5%), Romania (7.7%), Zimbabwe (8.3%) and Peru (8.4%) are located. As you can see, five of the 10 are in Latin America and the Caribbean.

“Trust between one person and another is based on the belief that there are equal for all who are respected, even when nobody is looking common rules. In Latin America it does not work like that. Here, when no one is watching the rules change. A car or a pedestrian crossing with a red light if no one is at the crossroads, (…) the sick people is not going to work, do not pay the entire public transport ticket, using state subsidies out of turn ” Latinobarómetro says in its report “Confidence in Latin America 1995-2015″.

It is very instructive to see the respondents’ answers when asked how much they trust in a specific type of individual, depending on the role he occupies in his life. So it is discovered that in some trusts more than others. Above all are the work colleagues, reaching 70%. Then come the neighbors (63%), students (62%), the poor (60%) and the compatriots or countrymen (59%). Well below Indians and-a family of surprises, with 45% appear. Even more suspicion there with municipal officials (33%) with distant relatives (31%), with foreigners (28%) and, finally, with a central switchboard (22%), which is understandable for anyone you had to solve an administrative problem by phone.

In the first analysis it is logical and expectable: it relies more on the nearest people, with which it shares the day. In the case of co-workers and neighbors. Also in regard to the nationals: although all be compatriots when the interviewer introduces the question, the interviewee responds in obvious opposition abroad, always unknown and distant. The exception at this point would be the family, and this causes deserve to be studied. For students and poor is likely involving a paternalistic decision. For youth in one case, and the lack of resources on the other, they are seen as vulnerable, and therefore harmless. By contrast, the maximum suspicion falls on those who have certain responsibilities, and those which do not normally aparecen- responses are expected. Paradigmatic examples are public administration officials and operators of telephone exchanges. “It has to do with the state of development of Latin American societies. Still based relationships in very traditional ties of closeness, but not links institutional. It is also related to the history of the region, exposed to crises constant long, which also hinders progress in links longer term. So there distrust of strangers. It’s something that ends up impacting the functioning of society, “he told Infobae political scientist Pablo Valenzuela, principal investigator of the corporation Latinobarómetro . One of the clearest and harmful effects of this phenomenon, which in turn helps boost is widespread corruption in all social strata. “The distrust in the functioning of the institutions he continued makes people tend to look for alternative ways to reach certain goals. For example, it is common to get a municipal permit, instead of following the regular channels, will pass silver below the table officer. Is not confident that the state institution work. ” Another aspect of Latin American societies that connects to it is inequality.

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“The lower social strata have many more difficulties than the average and high for access to certain essential services, which ends up adding to the look of mistrust,” Valenzuela said. Corruption and inequality are a fatal cocktail for the bonds of solidarity in a country. They make everyone who is in an economic and social pole is always suspected of having reached that place illegitimately, not on merit or effort. “We have to say openly that what you can anticipate is that people try at all costs to reduce inequality bypassing all the rules if necessary. That is, the opposite of what is required to trust (… ) In order to anticipate the behavior of the ‘other’, no doubt that we must all have the same rules, but above all, that the rights and obligations of each are equal and worth the same for everyone, “says the report Latinobarómetro. The effect of this situation is highly harmful. Increases the distance between people, discourages work culture and creates the conditions for the smallest spark a conflict breaks out. “Much more serious than the economic inequality is the feeling of inequality before the law, the perception that when it comes to face justice what matters is if you have money or someone important son,” said the political scientist. Thus, it is impossible for citizens will find meaning to respect the law and the other, which deteriorates increasingly coexistence. Read Article

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